Choices finalised for big display outside H33 about 'Women throughout History'.
Here is the list of women throughout History that the St. Mary's Menston community have chosen. We would like to thank the hundreds of historians at St. Mary's who took part in discussing (and sometimes suggesting) who should be included!
Women in History, chosen by St. Mary's Menston
Ada Lovelace 1815–1852
World's first computer programmer.
Alice Walker, 1944–
American Author The Colour Purple.
Amelia Earhart, 1897–1937
The first female pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
Anne Devlin, 1780-1851
Irish republican who refused to inform despite brutal treatment and her entire family being jailed in an effort to break her.
Anita Roddick, 1942–2007
Shaped ethical consumerism, founder of The Body Shop.
Anna Pavlova 1881–1931
Ballerina who created the role of The Dying Swan.
Anna Wintour 1949–
American Vogue magazine editor.
Anne Frank 1929–1945
Holocaust victim who documented her experiences in a diary.
Audrey Hepburn 1929–1993
Film and fashion icon, Breakfast at Tiffany's and Roman Holiday.
Aung San Suu Kyi 1945–
Burmese opposition politician, political prisoner.
Benazir Bhutto 1953–2007
Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Saint Bernadette Soubirous 1844-1879
Our Blessed Lady appeared to the young Bernadette at Lourdes in 18 apparitions.
Boadicea c61 AD
Queen of the British Iceni tribe who led an uprising against the Roman Empire.
Catherine McAuley 1778–1841
Irish nun, who founded the Sisters of Mercy in 1831.
Catherine the Great 1729–1796
Most renowned female leader of Russia.
Christina Rossetti 1830-1894
English poet In the Bleak Midwinter, Goblin Market.
Saint Clare, 1194-1253
Founded the Order of Poor Ladies commonly referred to today as the Poor Clares.
Cleopatra 69 BC–30 BC
The last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
Edith Cavell 1865–1915
British nurse and patriot.
Eileen Gray 1878-1976
Influential Irish born furniture designer and architect.
Eleanor of Aquitaine c1122–1204
Powerful ruler in Western Europe during the Middle Ages.
Eleanor Roosevelt 1884–1962
Nicknamed her the 'First Lady of the World' in tribute to her human rights achievements.
Elizabeth ‘Nellie Bly’ Cochrane 1864–1962
American journalist who faked insanity.
Elizabeth Fry 1780–1845
English prison reformer, the "angel of prisons."
Elizabeth I 1533–1603
The last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
Elizabeth II 1926–
Emmeline Pankhurst 1858–1928
Led the suffragette movement that helped women win the right to vote.
Empress Wu Zetian c625–705
Wu Zetian was the only female emperor in Chinese history who actually ruled the whole country for almost half a century.
Eva Peró 1919–1952
Served as the First Lady of Argentina.
Florence Nightingale 1820–1910
Statistician and the founder of modern nursing.
Gabrielle 'Coco' Chanel 1883–1971
French fashion designer.
Georgia O'Keeffe 1887–1986
Georgiana Cavendish 1757–1806
Socialite and political campaigner.
Golda Mei 1898–1978
Prime Minister of Israel.
Grace Darling 1815-1842
Heroic rescue of nine people shipwrecked off the Northumberland coast in 1838.
One of the most successful Pharaohs of Egypt, "the first great woman in history."
Helen Joseph 1905-1922
South African anti-apartheid activist.
Helen Keller 1880–1968
The first deafblind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.
Hillary Rodham Clinton 1947–
Indira Gandhi 1917–1984
Indian Prime Minister.
Irena Sendler 1910-2008
Smuggled 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto in World War II and saved them during the Holocaust.
Jane Austen 1775–1817
English novelist. Pride and Prejudice.
Jeanne de Valois 1756–1791
Notorious French adventuress and thief.
Joan of Arc c1412–1431
Catholic Saint who led the French army to several victories in the Hundred Years' War.
Josephine Baker 1906–1975
Dancer, Singer, Actress who was asked to lead the American Civil Rights Movement after Martin Luther King was assassinated.
Lillian Ngoyi 1911-1980
South African anti-apartheid activist. The first woman elected to the executive committee of the ANC.
Livia Druscilla 58BC–29AD
Political mastermind who has great influence in the Roman Empire.
Lucrezia Borgia 1480–1519
Part of a powerful family in Italy.
Margaret Mead 1901–1978
Maya Angelou, 1928–
Marie Antoinette 1755–1793
Last Queen of France.
Marie Curie 1867–1934
First female Scientist to win a Nobel Prize and the only person to win it in multiple sciences.
Marilyn Monroe 1926–1962
America Actress, Model, Singer.
Marthe Bibesc 1886–1973
Writer voted the most influential Romanian woman of the Millennium.
Saint Mary Biblical Times
Mother of Jesus.
Saint Mary Magdalene Biblical Times
Traveled with Jesus as one of his followers and supported him in his final moments.
Mary Robinson 1944-
First female President of Ireland and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
Mary Quant, 1934-
British fasion designer. 1960s mod and youth fashion movements.
Mary Seacole 1805-1881
Provided help for women soldiers on the battlefield. Voted greatest Black Briton.
Mary Shelley 1819-1901
English writer, Frankenstein.
Mary Wollenstonecraft 1757-1797
British writer, philosopher and advocate of women's rights.
Mata Hari 1876–1917
Dancer and Spy during World War I.
Maya Angelou 1928-
American authour and poet.
Mother Teresa 1910–1997
Nun who served "the poorest of the poor".
Nancy Astor 1879-1964
The first woman to sit as a Member of Parliament in the House of Commons.
Nicola Adams 1982–
Boxer from Leeds, won Gold medal in 2012 Olympics.
Odette Sansom Hallowes 1912-1995
Allied heroine of World War II.
Virginia Indian notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, USA.
Queen Emma c985-1052
Queen consort of England.
Queen Victoria 1819–1901
Longest serving British Monarch.
Rachel Beer 1858–1927
First female editor of a national newspaper.
Rachel Carson, 1907–1964
Environmentalist who launched the Environmental 'green' movement.
Rosa Parks 1913–2005
American Civil Rights Activist.
Rosalind Franklin 1920–1958
British scientist who contributed to the model of DNA.
Sister Sarah Clarke 1919-2002
Irish nun who campaigned to clear miscarriages of justice, such as the Guilford Four.
Sofonisba Anguissola 1532–1625
Italian Renaissance painter
Slyvia Wright, 1938-
Sylvia sold her home and possessions in Leeds to work among the sick and disabled in India.
Tanni Grey-Thompson, 1969–
Wheelchair athlete and parliamentarian.
Violette Szabo, 1921–1945
World War II French-British secret agent.
Vivienne Westwoo 1941–
British fashion designer, largely responsible for Punk and New Wave fashions.
Wu Zetia, c625-705
Wu Zetian was the only female emperor in Chinese history.